Galileo is powered via an AC-to-DC adapter, connected by plugging a 2.1mm center-positive plug into the board's power jack. The recommended output rating of the power adapter is 5V at up to 3Amp.
Galileo has a number of facilities for communicating with a computer, another Arduino, or other microcontrollers. Galileo provides UART TTL (5V/3.3V) serial communication, which is available on digital pin 0 (RX) and 1 (TX). In addition, a second UART provides RS-232 support and is connected via a 3.5mm jack. The USB Device ports allows for serial (CDC) communications over USB. This provides a serial connection to the Serial Monitor or other applications on your computer. It also enables Galileo to act as a USB mouse or keyboard to an attached computer. To use these features, see the Mouse and Keyboard library reference pages. The USB Host port allows Galileo act as a USB Host for connected peripherals such as mice, keyboards, and smartphones. To use these features, see the USBHost reference pages. Galileo is the first Arduino board to provide a mini PCI Express (mPCIe) slot. This slot allows full size and half size (with adapter) mPCIe modules to be connected to the board and also provides an additional USB Host port via the slot. Any standard mPCIe module can be connected and used to provide applications such as WiFi, Bluetooth or Cellular connectivity. Initially, the Galileo mPCie slot provides support for the WiFi Library. For additional information, see the Intel® Galileo Getting Started Guide. An Ethernet RJ45 Connector is provided to allow Galileo to connect to wired networks. When connecting to a network, you must provide an IP address and a MAC address. Full support of on-board Ethernet interface is fully supported and does not require the use of the SPI interface like existing Arduino shields. The onboardmicroSD card reader is accessible through the SD Library. The communication between Galileo and the SD card is provided by an integrated SD controller and does not require the use of the SPI interface like other Arduino boards. The Arduino software includes a Wire library to simplify use of the TWI/I2C bus; see the documentation for details. For SPIcommunication use the SPI library.
Galileo can be programmed with the Arduino software (download). When you are ready to upload the sketch to the board, program Galileo through the USB Client port by selecting "Intel Galileo" as your board in the Arduino IDE. Connect Galileo's port labelled USB Client (the one closest to the Ethernet) to your computer. For details, see the reference,tutorials and Intel® Galileo Getting Started Guide. Rather than requiring a physical press of the reset button before an upload, Galileo is designed to be reset by software running on a connected computer.
When the board boots up two scenarios are possible:
If a sketch is executing, you can upload from the IDE without having to press the reset button on the board. The sketch is stopped; the IDE waits for the upload state, and then starts the newly uploaded sketch. Pressing the reset button on the board restarts a sketch if it is executing and resets any attached shields.
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